A Catalytic Converter is used to reduce harmful emissions coming from the exhaust (i.e. carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons). Made of stainless steel, it heats up (cooks) the toxic gases to reduce the amount of pollutants before it is emitted from the exhaust.
There are many different types of Catalytic Converter. These converters are designed differently based on the make of the vehicle. The exterior of the Catalytic Converter is stainless steel while the interior is made of ceramic material/monolithic substrate material.
Extend the life of a Catalytic Converter by keeping the vehicle in tune. This also prevents cylinder misfires (when the fuel charge does not ignite and passes through the exhaust system as unburned fuel) which is one of the common causes for the Catalytic Converter to fail.
What Causes the Catalytic Converter to Fail?
1. Degradation that occurs over time due to constant passage of pollutants
2. Cylinder misfiring which causes the Catalytic Converter to overheat and melt down the interior (substrate brick)
Symptoms of a Failing or Faulty Catalytic Converter?
1. Failed Emissions Test
2. Check Light Engine On
3. Engine Overheating
4. Lack of Power and Engine Becomes Sluggish
5. Rattling Sound Coming From the Catalytic Converter
6. Extreme Heat Coming From Catalytic Converter
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